The Sahel has the capacity to be a massive disruptive force, stimulating fresh pressures of migration and extremism, unless it is addressed by a comprehensive plan of action. There is a ticking time bomb waiting to go off in the Sahel. The G5 countries --comprised of Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger-- face multiple, interconnected challenges, including poverty and high population growth, weak government and growing extremism. These elements constitute a combustible situation, which could have dire ramifications for their fast-growing local populations and the wider world. The region requires improved support by the international community, which is why we are calling for a new Compact for the Sahel. In this briefing, we outline the main factors stressing the region; reviews aid effectiveness in fragile states and closes with recommendations for a new approach to the region. Key to this will be focusing on implementation; many policy and development plans have been drafted over the years, but all too often this has not been delivered. It is time for this to change.
The recommendations are for: multilateral donors and partners who have proven their ability to be more effective in fragile states; for bilateral donors who struggle with implementation challenges; and for national governments in the Sahel and fragile states elsewhere who for the first time can see empirical data that shows them in which fragile states donors are best and worst in terms of key aid effectiveness principles.
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Download the full briefing, A New Approach for the Sahel, here.