Our Definition of Populism
Populists in Power at the Beginning of 2021
Figure 1 – Number of populists in power around the world, 1990—2021
Figure 2 – Populist leaders by type, 1990–2021
Figure 3 – Map of populists in power, 1990–2021
Democracy with populist leader
Democracy with non-populist leader
Notable Cases in 2020
Trump’s Loss and the Future of Populism
The Fallout From Covid-19 and Populism
Looking Forward to 2021
- ^ The cultural populist Lega was part of a governing coalition in Italy and cultural populist parties have supported governments in Northern Europe.
- ^ Through 2020, 71 of the 119 years that a socio-economic populist leader was in power were in South America.
- ^ The 13 federal circuit courts of appeals are the highest level of federal courts below the Supreme Court.
- ^ While the election results of six states – Arizona, Georgia, Michigan, Nevada, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin –received an objection from at least one member of Congress, only the results in Arizona and Pennsylvania received an objection from a senator and came up for a vote in both houses. The Arizona objection was rejected by a vote of 93-6 in the Senate and by a vote of 303-121 in the House of Representatives. The Pennsylvania objection was rejected by a vote of 92-7 in the Senate and by a vote of 282-138 in the House of Representatives.