A Roadmap for Managing Disasters: Use-Case Library

Our library of use cases breaks down disaster preparedness and response into specific actions, and identifies the required technologies for each of those actions. LMIC policymakers can use this library to stay informed about the technologies that are relevant for specific preparedness and response activities.

Use Case

Phase

Technologies

Gather data on hazard

Risk Knowledge

Satellite imagery, UAV, manned aircraft, IoT, weather stations, crowdsourcing (farmers, local communities)

Gather data on exposure

Risk Knowledge

Satellite imagery, UAV, manned aircraft, crowdsourcing (remote mapping via HOTOSM)

Gather data on vulnerability

Risk Knowledge

Satellite imagery, crowdsourcing (passively collected data from mobile phones)

Data pre-processing

Risk Analysis

Crowdsourcing (to label data)

Manage and Store all geotagged data

Risk Knowledge

Geospatial DB (like PostGIS, for example)

Map all the data

Risk Knowledge

GIS (ArcGIS, QGIS)

Analyse geospatial data

Risk Knowledge

Spatial analysis software (Python's ArcPy, for example)

Developing predictive models (hazard vs impact)

Risk Analysis

Traditional statistical models, big data techniques (AI, ML, DL)

Share analyses and interactive viz (w or w/o access to underlying data)

Risk Analysis

server (like GeoServer), Qgis2web

Set thresholds

Risk Analysis

 

Monitor hazard to see whether thresholds are exceeded

Risk Analysis

Satellite imagery, UAV, IoT, weather stations, crowdsourcing (farmers, local communities)

Trigger warnings

Preparedness

Radio (broadcast and community), TV, social media, SMS, CBS

Disseminate key information - what should I do?

Preparedness

Radio (broadcast and community), TV, social media, SMS, CBS

Identify vulnerable communities

Preparedness

Satellite imagery ( map of proxy poverty or vulnerability indicators), CDR, USSD or SMS surveys

Collect registration information

Preparedness

Web-based form, smartphone app, USSD-based app

Conduct needs assessments

Preparedness

Satellite, UAV, USSD- and SMS-based surveys

Direct evacuation

Preparedness

Satellite imagery, crowdsourcing (roads), radio, tv, social media, SMS, CBS

Relief - shock-responsive social protection

Preparedness

Mobile money, OTP, debit cards

Pre-position emergency equipment

Preparedness

Blockchain (track inventory needs), traditional supply chain databases

Pre-position Health, WASH, Shelter equipment

Preparedness

Blockchain (track inventory needs),

Track Displacements

Response

CDR, satellite imagery, UAV, crowdsourcing

Generate situational awareness - built environment

Response

Satellite imagery, UAV, manned aircraft, crowdsourcing 

Generate situational awareness - humans

Response

UAV, manned aircraft, crowdsourcing, CDR

Generate situational awareness - geographic data + natural environment + hazard

Response

Satellite imagery, UAV, IoT, weather stations, crowdsourcing

Generate situational awareness - resources available (hospitals, beds etc)

Response

Satellite, UAV, app-, USSD- and SMS-based surveys of local authorities

Disseminate key information to impacted population

Response

Radio (broadcast and community), TV, social media, SMS, CBS

Conduct needs assessments

Response

Satellite, UAV, USSD- and SMS-based surveys

Prioritise allocation of resources

Response

Big data techniques, blockchain, communications (with other humanitarian actors)

Coordinate across stakeholders - in and out of gov

Response

Blockchain (track inventory needs), traditional supply chain databases

Communicate across stakeholders - in and out of gov

Response

Satellite phones, mobile phones, 2-way radios, community radio (between localities)

Search and rescue

Response

UAV, USV, robots

Supply chain logistics

Response

Blockchain (track inventory needs), traditional supply chain databases

Relief - shock-responsive social protection

Response

Mobile money, OTP, debit cards

Relief - in-kind

Response

UAV, manned aircraft, 3D printing

Direct evacuation

Response

Satellite imagery, UAV, radio (broadcast+community), SMS/CBS, crowdsourcing (from local authorities)

Monitor response efforts

Response

IoT, app- or USSD-based surveys

Temporary ICT infrastructure

Response

High Altitude Platform Stations (HAPS), Mobile-satellite service (MSS) (includes rapid response pickup trucks/ICT mobile units) and fixed-satellite service (FSS) systems, LAN, mesh, TV white space, short-wave radio, 2-way radio