The Industry and the Climate Crisis
The Used-Clothing Trade in Ghana
Figure 1 – Value of top 10 countries' second-hand clothing imports in 2020
How to Maximise Economic Potential
- ^ In this paper, we broadly define “textile and apparel” (T&A) to include all the actors working along the fashion industry’s textile, apparel, footwear and leather supply chains, including design, manufacturing, distribution, marketing, retailing, advertising and all types of promotion.
- ^ Ellen MacArthur Foundation research. Similarly, Statista estimates that demand for clothing may grow by 63 per cent in some emerging markets over the next ten years.
- ^ Or more recently four times, that is, Spring/Summer, Autumn/Winter, Resort, and pre-Fall.
- ^ Our Climate Change and Economic Transformation in Africa paper expands on the circular economy model, which is essentially built on three principles all driven by design: eliminating waste and pollution, keeping products and materials in use, and regenerating natural systems.
- ^ According to ITC’s Trade Map analysis, while total annual import figures fell by 6 per cent for Pakistan between 2016 and 2020, Ghana’s grew by 8 per cent in the same period, signalling a trend that began even before the Covid-19 pandemic.
- ^ Primary research carried out by OR Foundation.
- ^ Accra Metropolitan Assembly (AMA) is the political and administrative authority for the city of Accra.
- ^ Research by Liz Ricketts, co-founder of OR Foundation.
- ^ These are regenerated fibres made from the dissolved wood pulp ("cellulose") of trees. Examples include viscose, lyocell, acetate and modal, etc.
- ^ The carbon footprint of a single polyester shirt is 5.5 kilograms compared to 2.1 kilograms for a cotton shirt. This is reported by UK Parliament Environmental Audit Committee (2019) Fixing fashion: Clothing consumption and sustainability [ONLINE] Available at: https://publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201719/cmselect/cmenvaud/1952/full-report.