Where We Are Now and How We Got Here
The Path of Confrontation
The Path of Cooperation
- ^ Frost, D, 2021, The EU must revisit the Northern Ireland protocol, Financial Times article, June 6 2021, https://www.ft.com/content/eb35a108-6186-42a4-b401-5e1df0e2c64a?desktop=true&segmentId=d8d3e364-5197-20eb-17cf-2437841d178a#myft:notification:instant-email:content
- ^ UK Government, 2021, Northern Ireland Protocol: the way forward, paras 46-72. https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/1008451/CCS207_CCS0721914902-005_Northern_Ireland_Protocol_Web_Accessible__1_.pdf
- ^ House of Lords European Affairs Committee, 2021. Uncorrected oral evidence: The UK-EU relationship, 26 October 2021. https://committees.parliament.uk/oralevidence/2904/html/
- ^ European Commission, 2021 Online speech by Vice-President Maroš Šefčovič on the implementation of the Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol at the Institute of International and European Affairs, October 7 2021, https://ec.europa.eu/commission/commissioners/2019-2024/sefcovic/announcements/online-speech-vice-president-maros-sefcovic-implementation-irelandnorthern-ireland-protocol_en
- ^ European Commission, 2021, Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland: Commission proposes bespoke arrangements to benefit Northern Ireland, October 13 2021, https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_5215
- ^ Phinnemore, D, Hayward K, and Whitten, L, 2021. Testing the Temperature: What do voters in Northern Ireland think about the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland? https://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/media/Media,1218918,smxx.pdf
- ^ The grace periods for GB-NI trade for chilled meat products, food safety paperwork, parcels and medicines have been extended indefinitely while talks between the UK and EU on the implementation of the NI Protocol continue.
- ^ Article 16(1), NI Protocol, WA
- ^ Article 16(1), NI Protocol, WA
- ^ For an excellent discussion of the intricacies of Article 16, please see: Howse, R, “This is not an exit”: The Article 16 Safeguards in the Ireland/Northern Ireland Protocol, Brexit Institute Working Paper Series, No 14/2021, 2021, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3959075
- ^ Article 16(2) NIP
- ^ Under Article 178, WA
- ^ More specifically, it would put the UK in breach of Article 5 of the WA, which states that the UK and the EU will “in full mutual respect and good faith, assist each other in carrying out tasks which flow from this Agreement”.
- ^ Tony Blair Institute for Global Change, 2021. After Brexit: Divergence and the Future of the UK’s Regulatory Policy. https://institute.global/policy/after-brexit-divergence-and-future-uk-regulatory-policy
- ^ Peretz, G and Webber, J, 2021. The UK’s Proposed Revisions to Article 10 of the Northern Ireland Protocol: a Sensible Basis for Negotiation. https://eurelationslaw.com/blog/the-uks-proposed-revisions-to-article-10-of-the-northern-ireland-protocol-a-sensible-basis-for-negotiation
- ^ European Commission, 2021, Unilateral Declaration by the EU in the Joint Committee. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/default/files/brexit_files/info_site/5._art_10_declaration_to_publish.pdf
- ^ Cabinet Office, 2020, Explanatory Memorandum for EU Legislation and Documents 11643/2020, http://europeanmemoranda.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/files/2020/10/EXPLANATORY_MEMORANDUM_FOR_EUROPEAN_UNION_LEGISLATION_AND_DOCUMENTS.pdf
- ^ More specifically, our proposals mirror Art 12-13 in the draft EU-Switzerland IFA. The text of the draft IFA is accessible at: https://www.fdfa.admin.ch/dam/europa/fr/documents/abkommen/Acccord-inst-Projet-de-texte_fr.pdf
- ^ Title III, Article 170-181, Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community
- ^ This includes, for example, EU agreements with Ukraine (Article 322, EU-Ukraine Association Agreement) and the draft Institutional Framework Agreement (IFA) with Switzerland (Article 10, IFA, November 2018 draft).
- ^ According to the CJEU jurisprudence, the CJEU must be the sole arbiter of any provisions of EU law and no external tribunal can have a role in interpreting EU law. Any third-country agreement that does comply with this principle would be deemed unlawful by the CJEU.