Assumption Three: Gender Equality Reduces Violent Extremism
The Full Series
- ^ Laura Sjoberg, Gendering Global Conflict: Toward a Feminist Theory of War (New York: Columbia University Press, 2013), 13; J Ann Tickner, “You Just Don’t Understand: Troubled Engagements Between Feminists and IR Theorists”, International Studies Quarterly 41, no. 4 (1997): 611–32; Nicole Detraz, International Security and Gender (Cambridge and Malden: Polity Press, 2012); “Women and Terrorist Radicalization: Final Report, OSCE Secratariat – ODIHR Expert Roundtables”, OSCE, March 2013, accessed 15 June 2017, https://www.osce.org/secretariat/99919?download=true
- ^ Elizabeth Pearson and Emily Winterbotham, “Women, Gender and Daesh Radicalisation”, The RUSI Journal 162, no.3 (2017): 60-72, https://doi.org/10.1080/03071847.2017.1353251
- ^ United Nations Security Council Resolution 2242, Women and peace and security, S/RES/2242 (13 October 2015), available from http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/%7B65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9%7D/s_res_2242.pdf
- ^ “UN Chief Introduces New Action Plan to Prevent Violent Extremism”, UN News, 15 January, 2016, https://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=53008#.WPjFOfkrKM8.
- ^ Home Office, CONTEST: The United Kingdom’s Strategy for Countering Terrorism, (UK, June 2011), https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/714402/060618_CCS207_CCS0218929798-1_CONTEST_3.0_WEB.PDF and (UK, June 2018), https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/714402/060618_CCS207_CCS0218929798-1_CONTEST_3.0_WEB.PDF
- ^ Emily Winterbotham and Elizabeth Pearson, “Different Cities, Shared Stories: A Five-Country Study Challenging Assumptions Around Muslim Women and CVE Interventions”, The RUSI Journal 161, no.5 (2016): 54-65, https://doi.org/10.1080/03071847.2016.1253377; Pearson and Winterbotham, “Women, Gender and Daesh Radicalisation”, 60-72.
- ^ Katherine E. Brown, “Gender and Counter-Radicalisation: Women and Emerging Counter-Terror Measures”, in Gender, National Security and Counter-Terrorism, ed. Jayne Huckerby and Margaret L. Satterthwaite (Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2013), 41; Belquis Ahmadi and Sadaf Lakhani, “Afghan Women and Violent Extremism: Colluding, Perpetrating, or Preventing?”, United States Institute for Peace, November 2016, 2.
- ^ Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development – EuropeAid, Unit “Security, Nuclear Safety”, Operational Guidelines on the preparation and implementation of EU financed actions specific to countering terrorism and violent extremism in third countries, http://ct-morse.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/EU-CT-CVE-guidelines.pdf
- ^ Sofia Patel, “The Sultanate of Women: Exploring female roles in perpetrating and preventing violent extremism”, Australian Strategic Policy Institute, February 2017, https://s3-ap-southeast-2.amazonaws.com/ad-aspi/import/SR100_Sultanate-of-women_v2.pdf?7BtsSZBgI0DezLXkbPXgQXW.A5UiIYFz; Peter Romaniuk, “Does CVE Work? Lessons Learned from the Global Effort to Counter Violent Extremism,” Global Center on Cooperative Security, September 2015, 36.
- ^ Mia Bloom, Bombshell: Women and Terrorism, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011); Edwin Bakker, “Jihadi Terrorists in Europe: Their Characteristics and the Circumstances in Which They Joined the Jihad: An Exploratory Study,” Clingendael Institute, December 2006), 36; Daveed Gartenstein-Ross and Laura Grossman, “Homegrown Terrorists in the U.S. and U.K.: An Empirical Examination of the Radicalization Process,” Foundation for Defense of Democracies, April 2009, 63.
- ^ CHR&GJ, “Women and Preventing Violent Extremism: The US and UK Experiences”, briefing paper, https://chrgj.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Women-and-Violent-Extremism-The-US-and-UK-Experiences.pdf.
- ^ Ibid.
- ^ Iffat Idris with Ayat Abdelaziz, “Women and Countering Violent Extremism”, GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report, May 2017, 3.
- ^ Nelly Lahoud, “The Neglected Sex: The Jihadis’ Exclusion of Women From Jihad”, Terrorism and Political Violence 26, no.5 (2014): 780-802; Bloom, Bombshells; Devorah Margolin, “A Palestinian Woman's Place in Terrorism: Organized Perpetrators or Individual Actors?,” Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 39, no.10 (2016): 912-934.
- ^ Winterbotham and Pearson, “Different Cities, Shared Stories”, 54-65.
- ^ M.S. Elshimi, De-Radicalisation in the UK Prevent Strategy: Security, Identity and Religion, (London: Routledge, 2017).
- ^ Manni Crone, “Radicalisation revisited: violence, politics and the skills of the body”, International Affairs 92, no. 3 (May 2016): 587-604, https://doi.org/10.1111/1468-2346.12604.
- ^ “A Man’s World: Exploring the Roles of Women in Countering Terrorism and Violent Extremism”, ed. Naureen Chowdhury Fink, Sara Zeiger and Rafia Bhulai, Hedayah and the Global Centre on Cooperative Security, 2016, http://www.globalcenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/AMansWorld_FULL.pdf.
- ^ CHR&GJ, “Women and Preventing Violent Extremism”, 4; Ibid., 5.
- ^ “The Roles and Capabilities of Yemeni Women against Violent Extremism”, Sisters Against Violent Extremism (SAVE), 2010.
- ^ “Can Mothers Challenge Extremism? Mothers’ perceptions and attitudes of radicalisation and violent extremism”, ed. Edit Schlaffer and Ulrich Kropiunigg, Women Without Borders, 2015, 6.
- ^ Mohamed Abdilatif, “Evaluation of UNDP’s Engaging Women in Preventing and Countering Extremist Violence in Kenya”, UN Women, June 2017, 19.
- ^ Romaniuk, “Does CVE Work”, 36; Caitlin Mastroe and Susan Szmania, “Surveying CVE Metrics in Prevention, Disengagement and Deradicalization Programs”, Report to the Office of University Programs, Science and Technology Directorate, US Department of Homeland Security, College Park, MD, Start, 2016, http://www.start.umd.edu/pubs/START_SurveyingCVEMetrics_March2016.pdf.
- ^ James Khalil, and Martine Zeuthen, “Countering Violent Extremism and Risk Reduction, A Guide to Programme Design and Evaluation”, RUSI Whitehall Report, 2016, 2-16; Lasse Lindekilde, “Value for Money? Problems of Impact Assessment of Counter-Radicalization Policies on End Target Groups: The Case of Denmark”, European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research 18, no.4 (June 2012): 385-402.
- ^ Schlaffer and Kropiunigg, “Can Mothers Challenge Extremism?”, 13.
- ^ Ibid., 18.
- ^ Ibid., 19.
- ^ Ibid., 6; Pearson and Winterbotham, “Gender and Radicalisation”, 68.
- ^ Schlaffer and Kropiunigg, “Can Mothers Challenge Extremism?”, 6.
- ^ Pearson and Winterbotham, “Gender and Radicalisation”, 68.
- ^ Ibid., 68.
- ^ Abdilatif, “Evaluation” of UNDP’s Engaging Women”, 21.
- ^ Ibid., 23.
- ^ Ibid., 26.
- ^ Ahmadi and Lakhani, “Afghan Women and Violent Extremism”, 6-7.
- ^ Ibid.
- ^ Ibid., 7.
- ^ S. Ladbury, “Women and Extremism: the Association of Women and Girls with Jihadi Groups and Implications for Programming”, Department for International Development, 2015, 35.
- ^ Brown, “Gender and Counter-Radicalisation”, 41; Winterbotham and Pearson, “Different Cities, Shared Stories”, 56.
- ^ Ibid.
- ^ Ibid.
- ^ Marie O’Reilly, “Why Women? Inclusive Security and Peaceful Societies”, Inclusive Security, October 2015.
- ^ Andrew Majoran, “Mothers and Wives: Women’s Potential Role in Countering Violent Extremism”, The Mackenzie Institute Security Matters, 2 April 2015.
- ^ Ahmadi and Lakhani, 12.
- ^ Ibid., 12; Krista London Couture, “National Counterterrorism Center, A Gendered Approach to Countering Violent Extremism Lessons Learned from Women in Peacebuilding and Conflict Prevention Applied Successfully in Bangladesh and Morocco”, Centre for 21st Security and Intelligence, Policy Paper, July 2014, 17.
- ^ Ibid., 35.
- ^ Ibid, 23.
- ^ Ibid., 31.
- ^ Ibid., 32.
- ^ Idris with Abdelaziz, “Women and Countering Violent Extremism”, 17.
- ^ Valerie Hudson, Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill, Mary Caprioli, and Chad F. Emmett, Sex and World Peace (New York: Columbia University Press, 2012); Mary Caprioli, “Gendered Conflict”, Journal of Peace Research 37, no. 1 (2000): 53-68; Mary Caprioli and Mark Boyer, “Gender, Violence, and International Crisis”, Journal of Conflict Resolution 45 (August 2001): 503-518; Patrick M. Regan and Aida Paskeviciute, “Women’s Access to Politics and Peaceful States”, Journal of Peace Research 40, no. 3 (2003): 287-302; Fink et al, 2013 in Iffat Idris, GSDRC Helpdesk Research Report, 3.
- ^ Chantal de Jonge Oudraat, “Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism (CVE): The Role of Women and Women’s Organizations” in “A Man’s World”, ed. Fink et al, 2016,21.
- ^ Idris with Abdelaziz, “Women and Countering Violent Extremism”, 6.
- ^ CHR&GJ, “Women and Preventing Violent Extremism”, 4.
- ^ “Transforming Violent Extremism: A Peacebuilder’s Guide”, Search for Common Ground, 2017.
- ^ Jayne Huckerby, “The Complexities of Women, Peace, Security and Countering Violent Extremism”, Just Security, 24 September 2015, https://www.justsecurity.org/26337/womens- rights-simple-tool-counterterrorism/; Idris with Abdelaziz, “Women and Countering Violent Extremism”, 2.
- ^ Huckerby, “The Complexities of Women, Peace, Security”.
- ^ Hilary Matfess, “Rescued and Deradicalised Women Are Returning to Boko Haram: Why?”, African Arguments, 1 November 2017; Hilary Matfess, Women and the War on Boko Haram: Wives, Weapons, Witnesses (African Arguments) (London: Zed Books, 2017); Jacob Zenn and Elizabeth Pearson, “Women, Gender and the evolving tactics of Boko Haram”, Journal of Terrorism Research 5, no.1 (2014), DOI: http://doi.org/10.15664/jtr.828, 43.
- ^ Pearson and Winterbotham, “Women, Gender and Daesh Radicalisation.”
- ^ Brown, “Gender and Counter- Radicalization”, 42; CHR&GJ, “Women and Preventing Violent Extremism”; Anja Dalgaard-Nielsen, “Violent Radicalization in Europe: What We Know and What We Do Not Know”, Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 33, no. 9 (August 2010): 797–814 in Winterbotham and Pearson, “Different Cities, Shared stories”, 56.
- ^ Sarah Bracke, “Subjects of Debate: Secular and Sexual Exceptionalism, and Muslim Women in The Netherlands”, Feminist Review no. 98 (2011): 28-46.
- ^ Marco Goli and Shahamak Rezai, "Radical Islamism and Migrant Integration in Denmark: An Empirical Inquiry", Journal of Strategic Security 4, no. 4 (2012): 81-114. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1944-04126.96.36.199
- ^ Julian Brett and Andre Kahlmeyer, “STRIVE (Horn of Africa)”, Evaluation Report, 23 January 2017, http://ct-morse.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/170124-STRIVE-evaluation-Report-Final.pdf.
- ^ “STRIVE Lessons Learned, Horn of Africa”, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), April 2017, http://ct-morse.eu/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Strive-Lessons-Learned-Report-Final-Version.pdf; Brett and Kahlmeyer, “STRIVE (Horn of Africa).”