ISIS on Women Before 2017
ISIS on Women After 2017
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- ^ See, for example, Nelly Lahoud, “The Neglected Sex: The Jihadis’ Exclusion of Women from Jihad”, Terrorism and Political Violence 26, no. 5 (2014): 780–802; David Cook, “Women Fighting in Jihad?”, Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 28, no. 5 (2005): 375–384.
- ^ Notable exceptions include the Riyadh us-Salihin Battalion in Chechnya and al-Qaeda in Iraq. See, for example, Jessica Davis, “Evolution of Global Jihad: Female Suicide Bombers in Iraq”, Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 36, no. 4, 2013, 279–291; Trina Mamoon, “Black Widows: Women as Political Combatants in the Chechen Conflict”, in Embracing Arms - Cultural Representation of Slavic and Balkan Women in War, ed. Helena Goscilo and Yana Hashamova (Budapest: Central European University Press, 2012).
- ^ For a detailed account of this, see Charlie Winter and Devorah Margolin, “The Mujahidat Dilemma: Female Combatants and the Islamic State”, CTC Sentinel 10, no. 7 (2017).
- ^ See Lahoud, “The Neglected Sex”; Cook, “Women Fighting in Jihad”.
- ^ Lahoud, “The Neglected Sex”, 782.
- ^ Ibid. For the original Arabic text, see Abdullah Azzam, The Defense of Muslim Lands: The Most Important of Individual Duties, Minbar al-Tawhid wa-l-Jihad, 1984, 21.
- ^ Youssef Aboul-Enein, The Late Sheikh Abdullah Azzam’s Books: Part III: Radical Theories on Defending Muslim Land through Jihad (West Point: Combating Terrorism Center, 2010).
- ^ See Lahoud, “The Neglected Sex”, 786. For the original Arabic text, see Sayyid Imam al-Sharif, Treatise on the Pillar of Preparing Oneself for Jihad in the Way of Allah the Almighty, 29.
- ^ See Anne Speckhard and Khapta Akhmedova, “Black Widows and Beyond: Understanding the Motivations and Life Trajectories of Chechen Female Terrorists”, in Female Terrorism and Militancy: Agency, Utility, and Organisation, ed. Cindy Ness (London: Routledge, 2008), 100–124; Elizabeth Pearson, “Wilayat Shahidat: Boko Haram, the Islamic State, and the Question of the Female Suicide Bomber”, in Boko Haram Beyond the Headlines: Analyses of Africa’s Enduring Insurgency, ed. Jacob Zenn (West Point: Combating Terrorism Center, 2018), 33–52.
- ^ See Davis, “Evolution of Global Jihad: Female Suicide Bombers in Iraq”.
- ^ Author’s translation, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, “Will the Religion Wane While I Live?”, 7 July 2005.
- ^ Zarqawi, “Will the Religion Wane While I Live?”, 20.
- ^ See Jackie Spinner, “Female Suicide Bomber Attacks U.S. Military Post”, Washington Post, 29 September 2005.
- ^ Author’s translation, Abu Maysarah al-Iraqi, “The al-Qa’idah Organization Claims Responsibility for the Martyrdom-Seeking Operation on a Recruitment Center for Apostates in Tal’afar”, The Media Section for al-Qa’idah in the Land of the Two Rivers, October 2005.
- ^ Author’s translation, Abu Maysarah al-Iraqi, “A Martyrdom-Seeker and His Wife Carry Out Martyrdom-Seeking Operation in Mosul”, The Media Section for al-Qa’idah in the Land of the Two Rivers, October 2005.
- ^ See Charlie Winter, “Women of the Islamic State: A Manifesto on Women by the al-Khansa’ Brigade”, Quilliam, February 2015.
- ^ Ibid.
- ^ Author’s translation, al-Zawra’ Foundation, “Valuable Advice and Important Analysis on the Rules for Women’s Participation in Jihad”, August 2015; see Charlie Winter (@charliewinter), “2. In August, #IS|ers circulated this clarification on permissibility of women & fighting. Here’s my translation.”, Twitter, 19 November 2015, https://twitter.com/charliewinter/status/667326295706050560.
- ^ Author’s translation, “I Will Die While Islam Is Glorious”, Naba issue LIX, December 2016, 15.
- ^ “Our Journey to Allah”, Rumiyah issue XI, 12–15.
- ^ Ibid, 15.
- ^ Simon Cottee and Mia Bloom, “The Myth of the ISIS Female Suicide Bomber”, Atlantic, 8 September 2017.
- ^ “The Obligation on Women to Engage in Jihad against the Enemies”, Naba issue C, October 2017, 11.
- ^ “Stories of the Jihad of Women I”, Naba issue CII, October 2017, 9.
- ^ Charlie Winter (@charliewinter), “10. Having looked back through my archive, I think - emphasis on think - that they might be referring to this video, which was released by the A'maq News Agency on 19 January.”, Twitter, 13 February 2018, https://twitter.com/charliewinter/status/963417471385591808.
- ^ “Inside the khilafah 7”, Al Hayat Media Center, February 2018.
- ^ Ibid.
- ^ See, for example, Kate Lamb, “The Bombers Next Door: How an Indonesian Family Turned into Suicide Attackers”, Guardian, 19 May 2018.
- ^ See, for example, Cole Bunzel (@colebunzel), “If this doc is genuine, IS has just retracted it's more extreme position on takfir issued last May--on latter see https://www.memri.org/reports/dispute-over-takfir-rocks-islamic-state.”, Twitter, 15 September 2017, https://twitter.com/colebunzel/status/908732003994017794.