Figure 2 – Tech Specialists, Polymaths tend to spend more on R&D, total BERD spending by category, 2017
Figure 3 - 2017 BERD against 2017 median GDHI, coloured by innovation category
Figure 4 - 2017 BERD against 5-year median GDHI log growth rate
- ^ The latest year the data is available.
- ^ Logarithmic growth is calculated as the difference in the natural logarithm of the GDHI in 2017 compared to 2012. At changes close to 0, this is very similar to the percentage change. Logarithmic changes are preferable because they are symmetric for increases and decreases.
- ^ https://www.ons.gov.uk/economy/grossvalueaddedgva/datasets/regionalgvanuts2
- ^ https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/advances/5/1/eaau1705.full.pdf