Figure 1 – Level of concern about climate change
Figure 2 – Importance of climate change/environmental protection
Figure 3 – Concern about climate change
Figure 4 – Belief that climate change is mostly/entirely caused by human activity, open vs closed
Figure 5 – Belief that climate change is mostly/entirely caused by human activity, left vs right
Figure 6 – Open-Closed: environment or growth, Leave or Remain (2020)
Figure 7 – Left-Right: environment or growth, Leave or Remain (2020)
Figure 8 – Open-closed attitudes among Conservatives
Figure 9 – Open-closed attitudes among Labour supporters
Figure 10 – Left-Right: environment or growth, parties
Figure 11 – Open-Closed: environment or growth, parties
- ^ The Department of Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) Public Attitudes Tracker (https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/public-attitudes-tracking-survey) is a quarterly survey that asks respondents a variety of questions about energy use and related topics
- ^ The other issues are inflation/rising prices, unemployment, the NHS, education, national security/defence, level of taxation, crime/law and order, and energy supply.
- ^ The British Election Study (BES) has been conducted in the wake of each British general election since 1964 although the current iteration, conducted since 2014, is an internet panel survey with multiple yearly waves before and after general elections and other important elections (EU parliamentary elections, the 2016 EU referendum). See https://www.britishelectionstudy.com/get-started/#.YEkvR2j7Q2w for more details.
- ^ (1) Young people today don’t respect traditional British values; (2) For some crimes, the death penalty is the most appropriate sentence; (3) Equal opportunities for gays and lesbians have gone too far; (4) Immigration is bad for the economy; (5) Equal opportunities for ethnic minorities have gone too far. The results are very similar if we use the highly correlated social liberal-authoritarian values scale, which is commonly used by British politics scholars. See, for example, https://medium.com/@psurridge/values-volatility-and-voting-understanding-voters-in-england-2015-2019-410b18c56255
- ^ The economic left-right scale is generated from five questions in the BES: (1) Government should redistribute incomes; (2) Big business takes advantage of ordinary people; (3) Ordinary people do not get their fair share; (4) There is one law for the rich and one law for the poor; (5) Management will always try to get the better of employees.