Why Are We Concerned About Populism?
Updating the Data Set
Figure 1 – Tracking the number of populists in power (1990–2023)
Figure 2 – Tracking the number of populists in power by type (1990–2023)
Resilience Against Populism in the US
The Pitfalls of Economic Populism
Elections in 2023
- ^ The new centre-left leaders include Alberto Fernández of Argentina, Luis Arce of Bolivia, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of Brazil, Gabriel Boric of Chile, Gustavo Petro of Colombia and Pedro Castillo of Peru.
- ^ President Pedro Castillo of Peru was especially weak, and his administration was plagued from the beginning by ineptitude, corruption scandals and cabinet turnover. During his first 16 months in power, the opposition-led legislature tried to impeach him twice. They tried a third time in December 2022 but Castillo responded by trying to dissolve the legislature and install an emergency government. When the courts, armed forces and even many in his government refused to support him, the legislature voted to impeach and remove him from office. His Vice President Dina Boluarte was immediately sworn in and called for a truce between the political parties.